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Honors and Awards
Conferences and Activities
Conceptual Design Competition on Mosque Architecture
Kayseri Metropolitan Municipality
Public / Social
Kayseri / Turkey
Aytaç Manço, Ali Manço
Zuhtu Usta, Gufran Baykal
World Architecture Community 20+10+X Award
TROUVE TA MOSQUEE, 07.02.2011
INSAAT DUNYASI Issue: 334 / Pages: 76-78
INDERGI, Issue: 32 / Page: 92
MANÇO ARCHITECTS BLOG, 27.11.2012
ST INSAAT & MALZEME, Issue: 70 / Page: 77
In our proposal submitted to the conceptual design competition opened by the Municipality of Kayseri, the principle of “single big volume” in classical Ottoman architecture was maintained. However, in search for a unique form, the dome was not preferred to cover the space.
Kaaba, the holiest place of Islam, being a plain cube symbolizes simplicity and humbleness recommended to Muslims. Thus, the form of cube was chosen as the starting point of the development of the mosque’s mass.
The cube was skewed toward Kaaba to create a higher interior space while referring to the bending and prostrating movements of daily salaat.
A sloping prayer area sliced into podiums descending toward the Kaaba direction was designed as a unique solution. Thereby, the lines of prayers are clearly divided, heads of prostrating prayers coming too close to the feet of those in front is avoided, and the imam is made visible from anywhere on the prayer area.
The tradition of incorporating education spaces with mosques in classical Ottoman architecture is followed by adding a public library and lecture room to the essential functions of the mosque.
By solving the additional functions in a separate annex that can be resized, the project is enabled to comply with different plots or needs.
To preserve the straightforwardness of the mosque’s mass, the minaret is designed as a freestanding structure. By incorporating hour and minute hands to the façades, it is turned into a clock tower. On upper parts of the minaret there will be niches that will serve as bird nests in reference to those on Ottoman mosques.
The mosque and the minaret are designed as prefabricated steel structures covered with insulation layers and prefabricated panels to allow fast, easy and accurate construction anywhere in Turkey.
By making the side façades of the mosque mostly transparent, the penetration of daylight, as well as the visual connection between inside and outside is enabled.
Contrary to the traditional mosque interiors, the Kaaba facing wall is designed as an unadorned surface with a transparent lower half. Imam’s corner is a subtle niche in the middle of the façade to underline the absence of clergy in Islam and equality of the imam and prayers before Allah.
A pond is planned behind the Kaaba facing wall, in order to highlight the symbolism of water that is cited in the Quran as the “source of life”, as well as to reflect the sky and the daylight deep into the interior.
Quran verses on the outer and inner façades of the mosque are written in modern Turkish so that they are fully understood by everyone.
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